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Rating a Unit's Efficiency

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The efficiency of central air conditioning systems is rated by a Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio (SEER). SEER ratings typically range from 13 to 23, with the highest numbers indicating the most efficient units that offer the most energy savings year after year. Fortunately, great strides have been made in the last 10 years to increase the efficiency of new air conditioners and heat pumps.

The typical SEER rating of air conditioners manufactured before 1992 is about 6.0. In 1992, the federal government established the minimum cooling efficiency standard for units installed in new homes at 10. The minimum SEER value changed again on January 23, 2006 to a SEER of 13. To be considered as high-efficiency units, air conditioners must have a SEER rating of at least 14. The SEER rating is usually shown on a yellow and black EnergyGuide sticker attached to the outside unit of the air conditioner.

Central air conditioners that are in the top 25 percent of efficient models may carry the Energy Star® label. To qualify, they must have a minimum SEER efficiency level of 14. Additionally, Energy Star® models must also have a minimum Energy Efficiency Ratio (EER) of at least 11.5 for split systems, and of at least 11.0 for single-package models. Air conditioners that bear the Energy Star® label may be twice as efficient as some existing systems.

Heat pumps also have heating efficiency ratings, indicated as a Heating Seasonal Performance Factor (HSPF). In general, the higher the HSPF rating, the less electricity the unit will use to do its job.

In 1992, the federal government established the minimum heating efficiency standard for new heat pumps at 6.8 HSPF. (Most heat pumps manufactured before 1992 had HSPF ratings below 5.) The minimum HSPF standard changed again on January 23, 2006 to an HSPF of 7.7. Today, an HSPF of 8.2 or higher is considered "high-efficiency"; the maximum available is 9.35.

High-efficiency central air-conditioning heat pumps can also qualify as Energy Star models. In addition to meeting the minimum SEER and EER requirements, they must also meet minimum HSPF requirements of 8.2 for split systems and 8.0 for single-package models.

Higher efficiency units usually cost more to purchase initially, but save money in the long run on operating costs.
Information Provided by Consumer Energy Center
 

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Confessions of a Shopaholic

Are you looking for an HVAC contractor? An HVAC contractor who can service your heating and air conditioning equipment?  HVAC Contractors can install air conditioning and heating systems into residential homes and light commercial buildings. Are you looking for a contractor in Southwest Missouri? Someone who can service your resident or light commercial building in Springfield, Nixa, Ozark, Republic and surrounding areas? First Service Heating and Air Condition can help. First Service can provide mechanics to service your central heating unit or to install a cooling system into your home. Our staff can recommend a system so that your home or office is properly vented and getting enough clean air through the vents and HVAC unit. You will find there are many different sizes of pumps, ducts, furnaces, and heaters available. You can also decide if you want to use gas, propane, or oil. If your air conditioning or heating unit is having problems, First Service Heating and Air Condition may find that you need a replacement pump system or it may just be an error in the thermostat.  First Service Heating and Air Condition have the proper training necessary to take on this type of work. Maintaining the proper temperature in a home can be a challenge when it comes to controlling where the air goes. Proper duct placement and efficient vents are needed in rooms throughout the home. Coil heating systems will have benefits when compared to electric heaters.  First Service Heating and Air Condition will be able to install industrial sized air conditioning units in light commercial properties as well as gas, propane, or oil units for residential homes. Call 417-883-5015 for details.